Nikh's focal taxon

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Bracket Fungi (Basidiomycota - Hymenomycetes)

Bracket fungi among many groups of the fungi in the phylum Basidiomycota. In bracket fungi, the spores are produced inside tubes that line the underside of the fruitbody. Some species of bracket fungi are cultivated for human consumption or medicinal use. The name Polypores is often used for a group that includes many of the hard or leathery fungi, which often lack a stem, growing straight out of wood. Their hardness means they are very resilient and can live for quite a long time, with many species even developing beautiful multi-coloured circles of colour that are actually annual growth rings. The group includes many different shapes and forms that are common in the tropical forests, including the hard 'cup fungi' and the 'shell', 'plate' and 'bracket' fungus commonly found growing off logs and still standing dead trees.These often grow in semi-circular shapes, looking like shelving growing out of trees or wood.One of the more common ones, Ganoderma spp, can grow large thick shelves that may contribute to the death of the tree, and then feed off the wood for years after.

Borneo is one of the mega-biodiversity in the world. As a result from this focal taxon study, many types of bracket fungi are found from each place visited during the course. Bracket fungi can be easily identified as they form a bracket form of fruiting body usually on dead tree, branches or on the ground. There are 32 individuals that i found and analyzed them according to their each character such as the color of the fruiting bodies, texture, shape, type of substrate and their size.

Stalked Bracket Fungi

Bracket fungi that has fruiting bodies supported by one or more stalk.

St1

Location: Lambir Hills National Park.

Description: Found on dead branches along the trail to Latak Waterfall, Lambir Hills National Park.

St2

Location: Maliau Basin.

Description: Found growing on the ground along the trail from Seraya Camp to Belian Camp.

St3

Location: Trail to Belian Camp at Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Found on dead branch.

St4

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Growing on dead tree branch. Found on dead branches at short loop of path near Belian Camp.

St6

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Growing on dead branch.

St7

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Found growing on dead branch.

St9

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Growing on the ground along the path to Belian Camp.

St13

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Growing on small dead branches of tree.

St14

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description:Found on dead log along the trail to Camel Trophy Camp/Nepenthes Camp.

St15

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Found growing on the ground with many dead leaves.

St16

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Growing on dead branch.

St17

Location: Lambir Hills National Park & Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Found both at Lambir and Maliau. Growing on small dead branch.

St19

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Whitish gray in color. Found growing on ground and also on dead tree branches.

St20

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: .

St21

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description:Found on living tree trunk .

St23

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Found on dead branch.

St26

Location: Mt. Kinabalu.

Description: Found on dead branch about 2km from Timpohon Gate.

St28

Location: Mt. Kinabalu.

Description: Found on dead tree along trail to Laban Rata.

St32

Location: Lambir Hills National Park.

Description: Found on dead branch.

St33

Location: Lambir Hills National Park.

Description: Found on dead branch.

St34

Location: Lambir Hills National Park.

Description:Found on dead branch.

St35

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Growing on dead branch with long stalk emerged from the edge of the fruiting body.

Shelved Bracket Fungi

Bracket fungi that has fruiting bodies attach to substrate by shelving.

Sh1

Location: Kinabalu Park.

Description: Found on living tree trunk.

Sh2 '

Location: Kinabalu Park.

Description: Growing on living tree trunk.

Sh3 '

Location: Lambir Hills National Park.

Description: Found on dead logs.

Sh5 '

Location: Lambir Hills National Park.

Description: Growing on living tree trunk.

Sh6 '

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Found growing on dead tree trunk.

Sh8 '

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Growing on dead logs.

Sh9 '

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Growing on dead tree trunk.

Sh10 '

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Growing on dead branches.

Sh13 '

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area. Description: On dead branch of tree.

Sh15 '

Location: Maliau Basin Conservation Area.

Description: Found growing on tree trunk of Eucalyptus tree.

Data

Figure 1: Character Matrix of the Bracket Fungi in Borneo.


Figure 2: Treeview of the Bracket Fungi.

References

Pegler, D. N. 1997. The Larger Fungi of Borneo. National History Publications.

My Focal Taxa

Individual Determined by Date Taxon Genus Species Morphotype