Marlee's focal taxon

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Frogs

No matter where you are in the world when you see a frog you know instantly what it is. Whether it's the long legs, large mouth, big eyes or a sterotypical "ribbit" frogs are automatically recognizable. Perhaps because of their small size, beautiful patterns, or dreams of chasing tiny green dots in a pond as a child, frogs have worked their way into our hearts and memories. Unfortunately they may soon be just that: a memory. A new bacterial infection is threatening to kill entire species of frogs. No remedy for this deadly infection has been found, so now more than ever it is extremely important to take stock of the frogs we have and record new finds.

Morphotype 1 Lambir Frog 1 (Indiv180)

Location: Lambir Hills National Park

Observed Habitat: Not quite submerged on riverbank

Date: June 2010

Description: Large, brown frog with a thin white line from snout to back and a white underbelly with dark shading around hind legs. Eardrum is visible as is spotting on the hind legs.

Morphotype 2 Lambir Frog 2 (Indiv183)

Location: Lambir Hills National Park

Observed Habitat: Sitting on large leaf at chest height

Date: June 2010

Description: Green front with brown back and a prominent white upper lip. White underbelly, visible eardrum and no spots or stripes on hind legs.

Morphotype 3 Lambir Frog 4 (Indiv184)

Location: Lambir Hills National Park

Observed Habitat: under dead log

Date: June 2010

Description: Greenish brown with a thick brown band on side of head from snout to just past eye. White underbelly with brown spots, eardrum visible, spotting on hind legs.

Morphotype 4 Lambir Frog 4 (Indiv185)

Location: Lambir Hills National Park

Observed Habitat: in water on riverbank

Date: June 2010

Description: Brown frog with darker brown mottled pattern covering whole body. White underbelly with brown spots, eardrum not visible, striping on hind legs.

Morphotype 5 Maliau Base 1 (Indiv186)

Location: Maliau Basin Study Center

Observed Habitat: fake pond under porch

Date: June 2010

Description: Greenish brown with a mottled darker brown patterning. White underbelly, no eardrum visible, striping on hind legs.

Morphotype 6 Maliau Base 2 (Indiv187)

Location: Maliau Basin Study Center

Observed Habitat: railing on porch

Date: June 2010

Description: Greenish brown with 6 brown stripes running from snout to back. White underbelly, eardrum visible, stripes on hind legs.

Morphotype 7 Maliau Base 3 (Indiv189)

Location: Maliau Basin Study Center

Observed Habitat: fake pond under porch

Date: June 2010

Description: Brown with 6 darker brown stripes running from snout to back. White underbelly, visible eardrum, striping on hind legs, puffing when captured.

Morphotype 8 Maliau Base 4 (Indiv190)

Location: Maliau Basin Study Center

Observed Habitat: fake pond under porch

Date: June 2010

Description: Tan with 4 brown stripes running from snout to back. White underbelly, visible eardrum, striping on hind legs.

Morphotype 9 Maliau Base 5 (Indiv181)

Location: Maliau Basin Study Center

Observed Habitat: dirt road

Date: July 2010

Description: Greenish brown with thick brown band on side of head from snout to eye. White underbelly with brown spots, eardrum visible, striping on hind legs, puffing when captured.

Morphotype 10 Maliau Trail 1 (Indiv191)

Location: Maliau Basin Falls

Observed Habitat: Rocks near edge of waterfall pool

Date: July 2010

Description: Dark brown with brown mottled pattern. White underbelly with dark shading, eardrum not visible, striping on hind legs.

Morphotype 11 Maliau Trail Frog 2 (Indiv193)

Location: Maliau Basin Trails

Observed Habitat: Ledge alongside trail

Date: July 2010

Description: Green with darker green mottled patterning. Green underbelly, eardrum not visible, spotting on hind legs.

Data

For this examination, 12 characters were recorded for all 11 frogs captured, which can be seen in the character matrix from Mesquite included below. A parsimonious tree program was run through PHYLIP, however there were 9 equally parsimonious trees created. After using the consense function through PHYLIP however, one best tree showing the relationship of the captured frogs was generated and is included below.

File:Marlee.Char.jpg

File:Marlee.tree.jpg

Individual Determined by Date Taxon Genus Species Morphotype
Indiv180 Marlee 9 July 2010 Lambir Frog 1
Indiv183 Marlee 9 July 2010 Lambir Frog 2
Indiv184 Marlee 9 July 2010 Lambir Frog 3
Indiv185 Marlee 10 July 2010 Lambir Frog 4
Indiv186 Marlee 10 July 2010 Maliau Base Frog 1
Indiv187 Marlee 10 July 2010 Maliau Base Frog 2
Indiv189 Marlee 10 July 2010 Maliau Base Frog 3
Indiv190 Marlee 10 July 2010 Maliau Base Frog 4
Indiv191 Marlee 10 July 2010 Maliau Trail Frog 1
Indiv193 Marlee 10 July 2010 Maliau Trail Frog 2
Indiv222 Marlee 10 July 2010 Maliau Base Frog 5